Deadly Spider Is Fatal and Redemptive at the Same Time

spider

Deadly spider has the cure to celebral stroke.

Strokes are the invisible and silent enemy of anybody. They come up unexpectedly and incapacitate a person in a blink of an eye. There are more preventive measures than solutions. Once the weak blood flow reaches the brain, it causes unrepairable damages and cells die. Doctors turned to nature for help. They discovered a solution in the most improbable source, namely a deadly spider.

The New Cure Is Called Hi1a

One of the deadliest spiders in the world has the capacity to kill a person in 15 minutes with one bite. The Australian funnel web spider also represents an innovative solution to strokes. More exactly, scientists found a miracle protein in its venom. This component can protect brain cells from the damages a stroke may cause. The results of the study show that its effects are powerful even hours after the cerebral accident.

The members of the scientific team come from the Monash University and the University of Queensland. They found the solution to strokes in the Fraser Island in Australia. This is home to some of the deadliest arachnids on Earth. They managed to capture three such specimens. Back in their lab, they extracted the venom in pipettes. The final step was to enhance a certain protein from the venom gland synthetically. The result was the cure called Hi1a.

The study used only lab rats to test the new medicine. Even though the cure did not prove its efficiency on humans yet, the results are surprising. Scientists watched how Hi1a blocks ion channels in the brain. These play a major role in the process of damaging brain cells after a stroke.

The Reason Why a Deadly Spider Is Actually a Lifesaver

Lead researcher of the paper, Prof Glenn King, explained that his laboratory deals mainly with disorders affecting the human nervous system. All these cases are directly connected to ion channels. These can suffer from a dysfunction such as epilepsy or from an over-active state which leads to stroke or chronic pain.

Doctors thought it normal to look for a cure in the venom of a deadly spider. This is because evolution enabled them to incapacitate their prey by shutting down their very nervous system. Thus, their venom contains agents that modulate ion channels. By altering the very protein that controls this power under lab conditions, scientists can turn deadly venom into a cure for strokes. The next step in this study is to assess whether the medicine is safe enough for human trials.

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‘Healthiest Hearts In The World’ Found In An Amazonian Tribe

tsimane healthiest hearts people

A team of researchers found the Tsimane people to be the healthiest hearts in the world’.

A team of researchers found the healthiest hearts in the world’. These were established to be the Tsimane people, a remote tribe in the Amazon.

The study was carried out by an international team of researchers. They released their results on March 17th in the Lancet journal. Their paper is titled: “Coronary atherosclerosis in indigenous South American Tsimane: a cross-selection cohort study”.

Where And How Do The Tsimane Live?

The Tsimane, also known as the Chimane, live in lowland Bolivia. They are indigenous to the area and have a mostly subsistence agricultural culture. Besides this, they also rely on fishing and hunting. These two contribute to their food supplies.

According to the researchers, the Tsimane are “an incredible population”. They have a radically different way of living when compared to the rest of the world. Also, they have a very different diet. These differences are believed to have contributed to their latest denotation.

There are around 16,000 people in the Tsimane tribe. They live in the Amazon rainforest on the Maniqui River. Their lifestyle is similar to that of thousands of years old civilizations. The research team admits that the globe cannot return to an agricultural or hunting and fishing way of life. Nonetheless, civilization could “learn something” from the Tsimane.

How Did The Tsimane Come To Be Declared The Healthiest Hearts?

The team named the remote tribe the people with the ‘healthiest hearts’. This appellation came after a series of tests. For their study, the scientists gathered a team of over 700 volunteers. The study team collaborated with another research group. This latter was studying mummified bodies.

The 705 volunteers went through a CT scanner. Researchers were looking to analyze their “CAC” levels. This is the coronary artery calcium or a sure sign of clogged up blood vessels. CAC is also a potential sign that shows the risk of heart attacks.

According to the study report, up to 45 years old, almost no Tsimane had CAC. In contrast, by the same age, almost 25 percent of the American exhibit this sign. As they reach the age of 75, just about one-third of the tribe’s people present CAC. In comparison, almost 80 percent of the US population shows CAC signs.

The team studied the population over a longer period of time. As such, it was not the case of a mostly young population or unhealthy members dying young. Besides CAC levels, they also looked for signs of inflammations. Research also carried out blood tests. These looked for cholesterol and glucose levels as well as blood pressure.

According to a study researcher, their CAC level “[…] is much lower than in every other population where data exists.”.

Despite the fact that they present high levels of inflammation, the tribe nonetheless has very low levels of heart diseases. Putting it simply, the healthiest hearts population shows that maintaining a healthy diet and a constantly active life can help reduce the clogging up of the blood vessels.

The research team will be carrying out a new study. In it, they will be studying each element of the Tsimane lifestyle. Based on the results, they will try to adapt and apply this to the modern, urbanized way of living.

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Rookie Doctors Are Now Able to Work 24-Hour Shifts

young female resident smiling

New work regulations indicate that rookie doctors will soon be able to work 24-hour shifts. These rules will take effect this summer. Supporters of the new law stated that this would improve training for newcomers. A Chicago-based team which sets work standards for graduates of the US medical school has decided to eliminate 16-hour shifts for first-year residents.

On March 10, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education announced their initiative as being part of revisions that encompass reinstating the longer limit for rookies. The same limit of hours is allowed for advanced residents. The new rules re-iterate the 80-hour limit per week for residents at all levels. Dr. Anai Kothari is a third-year resident on a council panel which recommended the changes.

He stated that he only sometimes works 24-hour shifts.  All the extra hours give him enough time to finish up with his patients instead of going home at the end of his regular shift, in the middle of a case. He works at Loyola University Medical Center near Chicago.

Dr. Samantha Harrington, who is a first-year resident, believes that working for so many hours might endanger patients’ state of health and residents’ safety. They would be too tired to think clearly and a treat a patient right. Even the slightest mistake at first can turn into a dangerous one which could jeopardize the life of a patient.

Harrington noted that her 14-hour shifts at Cambridge Hospital located near Boston already mean too much. It is difficult for her to stay awake for so long and be 100% focused on all medical cases because the life of your patients depends on your decisions. It is even harder to stay awake when driving home from work.

She claims that these laborious hours are based on a patriarchal system in which other physicians which worked there longer argue that if they managed to do it when they were residents than residents nowadays should be able to do it too. Harrington is also a member of the Committee of Interns and Residents. This union organization opposes the new regulations which will soon be adopted.

Another union group called the American Medical Student Assn believes that the new changes will not be beneficial. Dr. Kelly Thilbert, the president of this group, believes that the 16-hour shift is a lot safer for all residents.

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Volkswagen Emission Violation Will Take a Toll on Europe

While Volkwagen has just settled its emission violation lawsuit, the company might be liable for more damages in the future.

While Volkswagen has just settled its emission violation lawsuit, the company might be liable for more damages in the future.

For seven years starting with 2008, the German automaker Volkswagen released 11 million diesel cars throughout the entire world. What is known is that each one of these vehicles entered the consumer market after it cheated on standard emission tests. This event was the core of a major emission violation of the Clean Air Event. On January 11, 2017, the company settled the lawsuit for $4.3 billion in penalties. A new study discovered that this scandal didn’t only render a loss of popularity for Volkswagen, but it will also leave a heavy stamp on worldwide health.

On Friday, a new study from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology appeared. The findings suggest that Volkswagen might be liable for 1,200 premature deaths in Europe alone. The scientists analyzed the impact of additional nitric oxides on the atmosphere that the unrecorded diesel emissions produced. The 2.6 million vehicles that were registered only in Germany are going to induce the premature death for 1,200 persons all over Europe. The real damages can be even bigger than this. The study wants to alert the carmaker on the results of its activity and urge it to address the problem and find it a solution.

The lead author of the study is Guillaume Chossière is a research assistant at MIT. His starting point of the paper originated from the fact that any diesel car produces certain levels of nitrogen oxides or NOx for short. These are the result of burning fuel, and they are responsible for the formation of acid rain, tropospheric zone, and smog. To his opinion, manufacturers are responsible for managing such chemical reactions and create proper devices that work well in controling emissions.

Scientists had to measure the excess levels of mono-nitrogen oxides by collecting data on the carmaker’s sales, driving behavior, and how much emissions these cars produced while on-road. The next step was for scientists to use technology and simulate how these gases can travel across Europe. By measuring how much extra NOx people are going to inhale, the result of the study suggests that the number of cases of respiratory and cardiopulmonary diseases will increase.

Moreover, the scientists investigated the outcomes of Volkswagen taking full responsibility for its emission violation and organizing a complete recall. If they upgrade the vehicles according to the European emissions limits by the end of this year, the results will be massive. First of all, this action will avert 2,600 additional premature deaths. Secondly, the health costs will be lowered by 4.1 million.

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The Hidden Dangers of Swimming in a Pool with Urine

urine

University of Alberta researchers discovered that an average swimming pool contains up to 20 gallons of urine.

With summers around the corner, everybody’s probably thinking about kicking it back and head towards the local watering hole to relax, cool down, and to exercise a little. But how safe are public pools? A recent study shows that most public pools contain a high amount of urine.

We all know that the best way to go for a great swim is to go to the beach. However, not all of us have the luxury of leaving all things outside and to head to the local beach. For those who are just capable of leaving the city, public pools are a great choice for cooling down in the summer and to do a couple of exercises.

However enticing the perspective of going for a couple of swims in the local pool may be, we all know that there’s a high chance of someone urinating next to you. Granted that it’s a little disturbing and quite unhealthy, but sometimes you just have to close your eyes and go to your happy place.

The Study On Urine Concentration

A recent study from the University of Alberta showed that most public pools contain a high level of urine, despite the posted signs and the owners cleaning it on a daily basis. Although most of us think that it’s fine to swim around in urine since chlorine can knock out most of toxins found in the bodily fluid, the Alberta researchers said that chlorine mixed with urine can be a dangerous mixture.

In order to determine the amount of urine in public pools, the team of researchers collected water samples from 31 public pools and tested them for a substance called ACE or acesulfame potassium. The researchers declared that ACE is an artificial sweetener, widely used by the food industry. Furthermore, according to the team, ACE is among the only substances that pass through our body without being metabolized.

Results and Additional Health Concerns

The lab tests revealed that a public pool contains 20 gallons of urine on the average. By comparison, the researchers said that the levels of urine identified in pools are approximately 570 times higher than those you would normally find in, let’s say, tap water.

The team said that chlorine, the disinfectant normally used to clean out pools, doesn’t help that much when it comes to dealing with urine. In fact, the scientists have discovered that the mixture of uric acid and chlorine can give birth to cyanogen chloride and trichloramine, two dangerous compounds which can wreak havoc on the CNI and damage the lungs and heart.

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Health Experts Declared Meningococcal Outbreak Onset in Oregon

Meningococcal

With three confirmed meningococcal cases over a relatively short timespan, Oregon health officials fear they are witnessing the early stages of a full-blown outbreak.

Recently, health experts confirmed a case of meningococcal disease at Oregon State University. The announcement came after the strain has been lying dormant for quite some time now, and awoke only to set the stage for a full-blown outbreak, state health officials declared. The OSU student became ill last fall and is now recovering under close medical observation.

Meningococcal Cases

The student that has contracted the illness is the third to have been diagnosed with meningococcal disease. On Thursday, March 2nd, officials said the victim contracted the B strain of the disease. While the vaccines proved effective for A strains, it seems the serum does not protect the population against the secondary strain.

The sufferer has been admitted at Good Samaritan Regional Medical Center on February 23rd. Health experts say the student is in good condition. However, the patients’ names have not been released to the press because of federal privacy restrictions. In November 2016, two other Oregon State University students were hospitalized and subsequently released from medical care upon completing the treatment sessions.

Meningococcal Disease

Health experts say the illness affects primarily young individuals, usually under 25 years of age. Good news is the disease is not highly contagious. However, it is still aggressive enough to claim lives, as meningitis can prove fatal. In addition, meningitis is also responsible for severe circulation issues that could lead to amputation in some cases.

At the moment, Benton County and Oregon State University health officials identified 43 people that could have been exposed to the infected student. In response, all of them have been treated with antibiotics to stop further spreading of the disease, said Benton County Health Department’s deputy director, Charlie Fautin. Also, as the sick student lived in an off-campus apartment, OSU officials said that no one else is believed to be at risk from exposure.

In light of the events, all Oregon State University students are recommended to get vaccinated. For this purpose, the educational facility scheduled vaccination clinics for students from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. Wednesday through Thursday at McAlexander Fieldhouse on the Corvallis campus.

University officials estimate upward to 7,000 students are eligible for receiving the vaccine, with 1500 to 1800 students living in sororities, fraternities, and other off-campus group housing facilities and approximately 5,000 students living in campus dorms.

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Kids II Recalls Almost 700,000 Oball Rattles Due to Chocking Hazard

oball rattles

So far, 42 parents filed reports stating Kids II’s Oball rattles were prone to breaking and constitute a chocking hazard for the little ones.

Recently, Kids II was forced by the Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) to recall nearly 700,00 Oball rattles manufactured last years, after multiple parents reported the toys were prone to breaking, releasing small beads that babies could choke on if swallowed.

Up to date, nearly 17,000 Oball rattles have been recalled in Canada and 68,000 in the U.S. According to the company, the recall affects the model numbers 81548 and 81031, made and sold last year.

Kids II Oball Rattles

The baby rattles recalled by the Consumer Product Safety Commission  has 28 4-inch finger holes with disc-shaped plastic containers filled with small beads. As it turns out, one of the discs is prone to breaking, releasing the beads. Because they are brightly colored, the children are tempted to eat them. However, if swallowed, the beads could choke the children, which can lead to serious injuries and even death, officials say.

Chocking Hazard

Up to this point, 42 reports flew in stating the clear disc broke and subsequently released the colorful beads. Out of the total number of cases reported, on two occasions the parents found beads inside the mouths of their children, and three little ones chocked on them.

In light of these events, the company has announced the recall on its official Facebook page, mentioning details of the recall.  According to the CPSC, only rattles in blue, green, orange, and pink, with certain date codes pose a threat to children. Hence, the products recalled bear the T0486, T1456, T 2316, T 2856, and T3065 etched inside the triangle of the rattle.

Furthermore, the products were sold both online, as well as in retail shops between January 2016 and February 2017. Walmart, Walgreens, Target, Babyhaven.com, Amazon.com, Diapers.com, and ToysRUs.com sold the rattles for prices between $5 to $7.

Returning the Flawed Products

CPSC officials urged any parents that still own any of the Kids II harmful rattles should take them away from children and ask the company for a full refund. They can do that by contacting the company at 877-243-7314 from March 6th to March 9th between 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Also, parents have the option of visiting Kids II’s official website and ask for a full refund of the product.

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Texas Family Files Lawsuit Against Dentist Who Performed Unnecessary Procedure on Toddler

texas family

A Texas family demands compensations for the untimely death of their 14-month-old toddler who died after a dentist performed unnecessary surgery.

Following the death of 14-month-old in 2016, a Texas family has filed a lawsuit against the dentists who handled the toddler’s procedure. According to the grieving family, the procedures performed on the toddler were unnecessary, resulting in the little girl’s death. The Texas family is demanding financial reparations amounting to $1 million.

In the Wake of the Tragedy

The Texas family of 14-month-old Daisy Lynn Torres, the toddler who died in March 2016 due to anesthesia complications after a dental procedure, intends to file an unlawful death lawsuit against Michael Melanson, the dentist who performed Daisy’s procedure. Melanson and his anesthesiologist are both under scrutiny, after the official investigation conducted by Travis County’s Medical examiner revealed that the dentists performed unnecessary procedures.

As Daisy’s family recalls, on the 29th of March, 2016, the toddler was taken to the North Austin Medical Center to have two cavities filled. However, upon consulting the 14-month-old girl, Michael Melanson, the toddler’s appointed dentist, decided to do two additional root canal procedures and put dental crows on at least four teeth.

According to Melanson’s case file, during the said dental procedure, the 14-month-old toddler lost consciousness right after the anesthesiologist finished administering the sleeping agent. Unfortunately, the doctors weren’t able to resuscitate the toddler.

One year later, the girl’s parents have decided to file an unlawful lawsuit against Melanson, his anesthesiologist, and the dental clinic where the toddler was treated. Prior to the girl’s visit to the North Austin Medical Center, the family took her for dental X-rays.

Texas Family vs. The Dentist

After reviewing the dental X-rays and comparing them to Melanson’s surgical approach, the Travis County’s Medical Examiner concluded that the procedures were not necessary. Moreover, court documents reveal that Melanson’s procedures were part of a larger corporate scheme designed to extract a large amount of money from taxpayers.

Elizandro Torres, the toddler’s father, declared in a press statement that he and his family decided to take this course of action because they want the public to become aware of what happens behind the scenes, after paying their monthly taxes.

Sean Breen, the Texas family’s legal consultant, declared that the lawsuit serves two major purposes. First of all, for the family to seek justice for the death of their daughter and, at the same time, to discourage clinics and doctors from recommending and performing unnecessary procedures.

Daisy’s family are now demanding $1million in financial reparations from Melanson, his anesthesiologist, and the North Austin Medical Center.

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Twice as More Adults Will Probably Experience Hearing Loss by 2060, New Study Suggests

hearing loss

As hearing loss occurs over time, it is possible that patients are oblivious to early signs and, before they know it, go completely deaf, researchers warn.

According to a recent paper published in the journal JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery on March 2nd, almost 50 percent more American adults will lose their hearing in several decades’ time. The health experts said hearing loss is expected to increase in adults older than 20 from 44 million in 2020 to 73.5 million by 2060. In percentage points, this would mean 23 percent more Americans will go deaf by 2060, compared to 15 percent adults expected to experience severe hearing issues in 2020.

Dim Predictions

Researchers from Johns Hopkins Medicine in Baltimore say that the increase will be most noticeable among older adults. According to the health experts’ calculations, 55 percent of the adults that are supposedly going to lose their hearing in 2020 will be roughly 70 years old. in contrast, these rates will jump to 67 percent four decades later, predict the researchers.

Hence, lead author of the study and a fellow researcher at Hopkins’ Center said there will need to be a much greater focus on easy access to hearing health care services and affordable interventions in the future.

Health experts, including American Speech-Language-Hearing Association’s chief staff officer, Neil DiSarno, say they have been deeply troubled by the recent findings. Even more so, as professional hearing care is equally costly compared to all aspects of health care, they said.

Hearing Loss and Mental Ability Decline

Moreover, the researchers discovered hearing loss is directly linked to a decrease in mental abilities, said the head of otology of New York Lenox Hill Hospital’s Center for Hearing and Balance Disorders at the New York Head and Neck Institute.

However, a spokesperson for the American Academy of Otolaryngology, head and Neck Surgery, Dr. Debara Tucci, said aging American adults are not necessarily doomed to lose their hearing forever. As is the case with most conditions, hearing loss can also be prevented, she said.

This is possible by avoiding prolonged exposure to loud noises. Furthermore, she urges the population to take precautionary measures early, as hearing loss occurs over time and early signs are extremely subtle. Hence, those at risk can one day lose their hearing for good, an irreversible change, the spokesperson added.

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Health Experts Compiled a List of the Most Popular Plastic Surgery Procedures

plastic surgery procedures

While some people went for a major overhaul, most Americans chose minimally invasive plastic surgery procedures for better looks.

As people’s insecurities seem to not come to an end pretty soon, plastic surgery procedures are still in high demand in the United States. A recent report compiled by plastic surgeons reveals that most Americans chose to go under the knife for a prettier face or less fat in various parts of their bodies. On Wednesday, March 1st, the American Society of Plastic Surgeons released its annual plastic surgery statistics report, reveling the most popular procedures performed last year in the U.S. Even though the statistics mirror last year’s findings, it appears certain trends are rising to popularity.

Most Sought After Surgical Procedures

In 2016, experts say approximately 1.8 million major plastic surgery procedures were performed in the U.S. Also, 15.5 million Americans chose to make only minor improvements to their appearance last year.

The most popular procedures of 2016 were:

  • Breast augmentation, performed on 290,467 patients who wished to alter the shape or volume of their breasts.
  • Liposuction was 235,237 Americans’ preferred cosmetic procedure.
  • Rhinoplasty, intended to modify the shape of the nose, was demanded by 223,018 Americans.
  • Eyelid surgery, for lifting saggy eyelids, was performed on 209,020 people.
  • Facelifts, intended to rectify sagging, wrinkled patches on the neck and face, and drooping were performed 131,106 times nationwide.

Minimally Invasive Plastic Surgery Procedures

While some people chose to drastically change their appearance, there were some who only resorted to fillers, peels, or hair removal. Hence, most popular minimally invasive plastic surgery procedures in 2016 were:

  • Botox, a drug that is injected into the face of the patient to smooth facial wrinkles, demanded by 7 million Americans.
  • Soft-tissue fillers, similar to Botox, injected into the lips or face for fuller appearance, performed on 2.6 million patients.
  • Chemical peels, which refers to the application and then removal of a chemical substance from the skin for a younger appearance, sought by 1.36 million individuals.
  • Laser hair removal, which refers to permanently removing unwanted hair from various areas of the body, performed 1.1 million times.
  • Microdermabrasions, performed 775,000 times with a special instrument that sands the patient’s skin to improve complexion.

Health experts say that the list of most wanted plastic surgery procedures is the same as it was two years ago. However, researchers included, for the first time, records of labiaplasties in their report, a procedure that alters the women’s genitalia. It was this cosmetic procedure that grew extremely

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