Researchers revealed that the String field theory could lay the foundation of quantum mechanics. The connection enhanced the importance of the string theory. The study was funded by the Department of Energy and has been published online on Oct. 27 in the journal Physics Letters.
Moreover, this discovery also enable us to use M-theory, as the main foundation of all branches of physics. This M theory is a broader version of quantum theory.
Itzhak Bars, a Professor at USC Dornsife College of Letters, Arts and Science is the lead author of the paper. He stated that,“This could solve the mystery of where quantum mechanics comes from”.
Itzhak also collaborated with a PhD student at USC, named Dmitry Rychkov; for the completion of this study. The basic idea is to use string field theory to validate quantum mechanics, rather than quantum mechanics to validate string field theory .
They also repostulated the string field theory in a more clear manner. They presented the commutation rules, which sets the basic fundamental principles for quantum mechanics. Those principles were basically derived from joining and splitting the geometry of strings.
Stating the idea in the paper, Bar said that,“Our argument can be presented in bare bones in a hugely simplified mathematical structure. The essential ingredient is the assumption that all matter is made up of strings and that the only possible interaction is joining/splitting as specified in their version of string field theory.”
If we see the old form of the string theory, we will notice that both the quantum mechanics and general relativity work independently, in their respective domains. This theory was proposed in early 70s and suggested that, “String theory resolved inconsistencies of quantum gravity and suggested that the fundamental unit of matter was a tiny string, not a point, and that the only possible interactions of matter are strings either joining or splitting. USC researchers have proposed a link between string field theory and quantum mechanics that could open the door to using string field theory or a broader version of it, called M-theory, as the basis of all physics”.
After four decades of the first arrival of string theory, scientists are still making efforts to hash out the string theory; which is still demanding some interesting new dimensions to work. For instance the idea why quarks and leptons have electric charge, color and flavort; that distinguish them from one another.
At this point of time, there is no single set of rules, which can be used to explain all the physical interactions that takes place in the universe.
On a massive scale, physicist use classical Newtonian mechanics to explain the various phenomena like how the gravity keeps the moon in its orbit and why the engine force pulls the jet forward etc.
In fact, Newtonian mechanics can be observed easily even with the naked eye. It is justified to sat that the nature of the Newtonian mechanics is intuitive. On the other hand, the Quantum mechanics is counter intuitive; enabling particles to be present at two places at the same time.
As per the statement of Bars,“The commutation rules dont have an explanation from a more fundamental perspective, but have been experimentally verified down to the smallest distances, probed by the most powerful accelerators. Clearly the rules are correct, but they beg for an explanation of their origins in some physical phenomena that are even deeper”.
In other words, the only problem with quantum mechanics, is the lack of experimental evidence and data. Scientists could not discover the ways to experiment on such small things. Lets see when they acheive this goal.