Botox may have gotten some bad rep over the years because of its association with botched facial lifts or with the social class that can afford the expensive procedures, but people tend to forget that the neurotoxic protein used to have many more applications than just cosmetic procedures.
It used to be used in many pain relief treatments, as the protein derived from the Clostridium botulinum bacteria works by inducing a state of temporary semi-paralysis in the muscles, blocking contractions and involuntary muscle movements. It also prevents nerve endings from letting out a chemical that initiates pain signaling and muscle movement.
And recently, the American Academy of Neurology released new guidelines to use Botox for treating neurological disorders. Three different disorders were added to the guidelines, and we’re going to talk about how the treatment can be used for each of the three.
This condition is manifested as involuntary heightened and velocity-driven muscle tone that can lead to impeded movement. It generally affects the upper limbs, shoulders, and neck, but it is known to manifest itself in other parts of the body as well. The American Academy of Neurology (AAN) has few notes to make regarding treatments.
Four types of injections are recommended for upper limb spasticity, while only two for that of the lower limbs. But the effect of the chemical might just be patient-specific, at the treatment’s efficiency varies in impact and duration from patient to patient.
Described as uncontrollable and abnormal muscle contractions and moderate to high levels of pain, the condition can lead secondary effects such the inability to close one’s eyelids. This can seriously impede functionality, as people suffering from the condition often find themselves unable to properly utilize different muscles throughout their bodies.
The AAN’s guidelines recommend three different types of Botox injections, all equally effective. Each of them can be used as a treatment for the condition, and they don’t seem to vary on a patient to patient basis. The treatment is known to work even on the long term.
Cervical dystonia, also known simply as CD, manifests itself as the involuntary contraction of the muscles in the upper shoulders and in the neck. Aside from causing a person to have an abnormal posture and movements, the condition causes recognizable changes in the position of the head, shoulders, and neck.
The Academy recommends two types of injections for each level of cervical dystonia, with Botox type A being the first line of treatment. While there are differences in efficiency, duration, and needed quantities between patients and types of Botox, pretty much all compositions are approved and are known to work.
Image source: YouTube